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On A Hot, Muggy, Wednesday, August 18, 1920--"The Perfect 36" Was Completed
Posted by: jh
Date: August 18, 2020 01:39AM
Tuesday August 18, 2020, will be the 100th anniversary of the completion of the "perfect 36". On that date, 100 years ago, the Tennessee State House of Representatives ratified the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution giving women the right to vote. The Tennessee State Senate had already ratified the amendment earlier. The State of Tennessee's ratification completed the "perfect 36" states needed to ratify the 19th amendment. History notes how House representative Harry T Burn, read a letter from his mother shortly before he voted requesting he vote for the amendment. Actually, there is more to the story of the passage by the Tennessee legislature. Two other representatives, Joseph Hanover, a polish immigrant, who walked across a frozen lake in Poland to escape to the U.S. for his freedom eventually winning a seat in the legislature beating a "Boss" Crump Memphis political machine candidate was the floor leader for ratification as he once remarked "why can't my mother vote?" and Banks Turner, a representative who changed his vote against tabling a vote on ratification which eventually forced Harry Burn to change his vote based on his mother's advice. Ratification by the Tennessee House of Representatives passed by one vote with a little help from others so to speak.

The special session was hotly lobbied by the "antis" and the pro suffrage folks. Both groups as well as the most of the state legislators stayed at the Hermitage Hotel where a "Jack Daniels Suite" was available and used by "unknown people" to influence legislators to vote against ratification. During one 48-hour binge, national suffragist leader Carrie Chapman Catt who stayed at the hotel, became so fed up with the obnoxious and rambunctious activity in the hotel that she asked if every legislator in Tennessee was drunk. Someone replied, "Yes, that's the way we make big decisions. It's the Tennessee way." The war of the roses was in full swing.

If you are interested:

PBS has a two part history of the suffrage movement (almost two hours long for each part) Part 1 and Part 2.

"By One Vote". Nashville Public Television documentary of the Tennessee ratification fight and it was a fight.

Abby Crawford Milton, who lived to be 110 years old who was a leader in the Tennessee suffrage movement and present during the ratification fight in Nashville: Three excerpts from oral interview describing the Tennessee vote and some of the dirty tricks played by "antis".

Tennessee Legislative Librarian Eddie Weeks gave a presentation on "The History of the Women's Suffrage Movement in Tennessee". This video also includes an Epilogue to the original presentation.

Dr. Carole Stanford Bucy presented a lecture on Tennessee Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment: The "Perfect 36". The antis "museum" the antis exhibited at the Hermitage Hotel are in mentioned in her lecture.




Anne Dallas Dudley



Abby Crawford Milton





Hermitage Hotel With State Capital In Background



The Hermitage Hotel Lobby Circa August, 1920
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Re: On A Hot, Muggy, Wednesday, August 18, 1920--"The Perfect 36" Was Completed
Posted by: S. Pupp
Date: August 18, 2020 08:28AM
The hair dryer heard around the world.

(Feel free to rake me over the coals for this incredibly inappropriate comment that in no way represents my views. I deserve it.)
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Re: On A Hot, Muggy, Wednesday, August 18, 1920--"The Perfect 36" Was Completed
Posted by: mrp-admin
Date: August 18, 2020 09:06AM
While this is a blatantly political post, let's all try and keep it from having to go to the political side and make it more of a "this day in history" post, please, and thank you smiling smiley
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Re: On A Hot, Muggy, Wednesday, August 18, 1920--"The Perfect 36" Was Completed
Posted by: Speedy
Date: August 18, 2020 09:26AM
Quote
mrp-admin
While this is a blatantly political post, let's all try and keep it from having to go to the political side and make it more of a "this day in history" post, please, and thank you smiling smiley

Yes, ‘cause we all know one party doesn’t want women to have the vote while the other does. I’m just not sure which party is which.



Saint Cloud, Minnesota, where the weather is wonderful even when it isn't.
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